Clyde Binfield discusses W. Garrett Horder, a rather unappealing and bullying hymnodist of the early twentieth century.
Wyn James concludes this collection with a survey of the development of Welsh hymnody. Romantic-era journalism received some thorough scholarly analysis. Instead, Hessell historicizes the evolution of eighteenth-century journalism, reconnecting these literary figures with the contextual conventions of journalism, which have been largely occluded by literary critics. What has often been interpreted as especially brilliant and groundbreaking reportage by these writers was often only standard procedure, or a product of contextual limitations of parliamentary journalism.
Johnsonian invention often simply reflected the necessities of mid-eighteenth-century magazine journalism. Dickens boasted that he was the best shorthand parliamentary reporter of the s. Yet Hessell suggests that in an age where lively characterization was prized above accuracy, the standards of good journalism were shifting and subtle. Notorious Facts: Publicity in Romantic England, — shows a great deal of scholarly erudition, drawing upon a miscellany of sources: newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, court reports, and cartoons.
But Mulvihill queries their predominantly optimistic and progressive narratives of democratic liberation. Mulvihill addresses the rise of English libel law and its effect upon the skulduggery of party-political altercations, and the public reports of libel trials. He highlights anxieties about the nature of mass literacy in relation to the notion of objective truth, expressed by Coleridge, Bentham, and Kant. While Notorious Facts has many enlightening and entertaining case studies its lack of a coherent overarching narrative weakens the sense of a strong, unifying critical argument.
The year saw a wealth of studies of biographies and assorted life-writings across a variety of unexplored genres. Rose kept copious journals and commonplace books detailing her voluminous reading habits.
Dennis M. Cromek, Engraver, Editor, and Entrepreneur offers an illuminating intellectual biography of a minor but significant figure of Romantic literary culture. Robert Cromek has accrued much infamy from the history of Blake biography. Here Read offers a counter-narrative to the diabolic role Cromek plays in Blakeian hagiography.
Like Blake, Cromek could be fiery, impetuous, and difficult. As a youth he trained under the Royal Academician and celebrated engraver Francisco Bartolozzi. He was successful in capitalizing upon the sudden boom in commercial engraving in the s, and like Blake he copied fashionable artists such as Henry Fuseli. To this end Cromek became secretary to the Chalcographic Society, and promoted unpublished Scottish antiquities. Cromek died of consumption in at the age of In the immediate years following her autobiographical work, Prince fell in with pro-abolitionist Moravians at the Fetter Lane Church, and was involved in a lawsuit with the Blackwoods Tory pro-slaver James McQueen.
Jackson presents an apologia for literary biography, largely on the grounds that the lives of authors were of such keen interest to Romantic readers. In the early nineteenth century the military memoir began to focus more upon the character, exploits, and emotions of the soldier-author. Yet early memoirs suffered from a lack of generic identity, and were sometimes criticized for their dull prose style.
In the post-Napoleonic s Moyle Sherer and George Gleig made the military memoir fashionable among the middle classes, relating the experiences of the professional officer class to domestic readers. Although still dwarfed by Byron and Scott, the sales figures for Journal of a Soldier of the Seventy-First  demonstrated that the military memoir had become an established popular form. Therein Lackington gives some account of his time in the Honourable Artillery Company from , coinciding with the crises of the Seven Years War and the Gordon Riots.
In particular Nicholls focuses upon the colonial adventures of General Gregor MacGregor, who claimed direct ancestry from Rob Roy, and used his supposed Highland pedigree to military advantage in his South American exploits. Where most studies of child readers have privileged exceptional cases precisely because they were exceptional , Grenby searches for a more aggregated understanding of child readership.
The Child Reader presents impressive analyses of collated statistical data, providing detailed narratives of publication prices and trends, and reading and ownership patterns. Jackie C.
Horne traces various shifting dynamics in writing for children across the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. She also illustrates a shift from eighteenth-century traditions of moral exemplarity to a nineteenth-century emphasis upon internal emotion. Horne focuses upon two fascinating variations upon the eighteenth-century Robinsonade. Unlike their Defoevian models, progress is gauged by emotional rather than capital growth.
Inflected by Rousseauvian primitivism, these tales do not depict morally conventional types, but rounded, experimental agents. In her Historical Tales Agnes Strickland emphasized the role played by famous children throughout history. The radical Harriet Martineau endeavoured to circumvent a Burkean veneration for history, at the same time encouraging mutual understanding and sympathy across class divisions. Katherine L. Fleming died in , just under 9 years old, having penned various writings, including a volume of poetry.
Although now largely forgotten, her posthumous success in the nineteenth century was remarkable.
There was a variety of articles dealing with a wide range of topics under the broad aegis of Romantic science. This conference was inspired by the post-New Historicist theoretical tools of Franco Moretti and Thomas Pfau, and sought to draw together interpretations of cultural geography with various connected readings across Romantic literature. Hewitt demonstrates that maps are not absolute immutable entities. Across the Enlightenment and Romantic era, maps were moulded by changing political, philosophical, aesthetic, and scientific discourses.
As an emerging discipline, cartography was a progressive but imperfect science. Catherine E.
Ross emphasizes the importance of the eclectic experimentalism of Dissenting academies. But she provides a useful list of interesting figures of the period, united by certain shared intellectual interests and predispositions.
A number of articles addressing Romantic science were influenced by Foucauldian notions of disciplinarity. Despite his innovative success, Davy sometimes risked accusations of unmanliness amidst the gender politics of the post-revolutionary period. In the Regency period publishing houses like those of John Murray flooded the market with written accounts of Arctic exploration. Examining her writings between Practical Education and Belinda , Chandler argues that Edgeworth was influenced and inspired by the philosophical enquiries of the Lunar Men Richard Lovell Edgeworth and Thomas Day in the field of experimental education, and by Erasmus Darwin in Hartleian materialist associative psychology.
In The Wealth of Nations Smith sees man as commercial, individualist, and somewhat philistine, and is troubled by his propensity for idle and unprofitable activity. Alternatively Ferguson sees the oscillation between industry and idleness as integral to human nature, and mistrusts untrammelled capitalism as potentially alienating.
Adelman then moves to interpret theories of idleness in the context of eighteenth-century theories of education.
His utilitarian educational scheme operates on a process of frequently revolving lessons and tasks to evade boredom. Adelman returns to Coleridge, tracing an evolution of thought about idleness from his Pantisocratic Necessitarianism to what Adelman thinks of as a Schillerian ethic informing The Constitution of Church and State. This study concludes with a reading of this tradition of ambivalence towards idleness in Wordsworth, and later in Charles Kingsley. John P. McCombe is also interested in Romantic indolence. Romanticism and the City is a collection of essays edited by Larry H.
Alexander Schultz analyses the politics of E. For Tatiana V. Thomas H. Peter J. In this they acknowledge their indebtedness to Ashcroft and de Bolla  for decentring Kant.
It will doubtless prove a most useful teaching resource. Nicholas Roe addresses the expansive sweep of biographies of Keats, written from a great variety of approaches. Philip W. The collection concludes with a eulogy to Newey. Aligning himself with conservative aestheticians such as George Santayana and Roger Scruton, Scott laments the dominance of sceptical attitudes towards beauty in critical readings of Romanticism from both deconstruction and Marxism.
Recent studies in the history of the emotions have shown how different forms and genres of Romantic prose articulate ethical and aesthetic styles integral to changing structures of feeling. Working against the grain of postcolonial theory, which views the barriers to sympathy in the period — as an effect of colonialism, Rudd considers other factors in the remaining three chapters. In showing the ubiquity of sympathy in the period, Rudd makes evident how fellow feeling reaches India in forms that are ideologically constructed by economic, political, and religious interests.
Since the first Catholic Relief Act of , Tomko explains, the Catholic Question was inseparable from the major events of the period: the French Revolution, the Act of Union in , the abolition of the slave trade in , and the rise and fall of Napoleon. Drawing on parliamentary reports and political documents alongside literature of the period, Tomko aims to examine how the overlapping stories of Romanticism and Catholic emancipation shaped and were informed by the debates about the building of the nation.
The essays in both the volume publication and the special issue narrate the place of melancholy within broader philosophical, literary, and autobiographical traditions, which make evident the shifts and alterations in suppositions about melancholy as a medical condition.
The field of the history of the emotions to which these two publications contribute is broadened by a recent interest in animal studies. Material culture continues to provide a fruitful and innovative field of critical enquiry because of its interaction with different genres of Romantic prose.
Ginsburg, eds. A number of other essays in this collection, which arrived too late last year to be reviewed, situate Romantic authorship within these debates, albeit as part of broader overviews.
David Stewart engages with another manifestation of the economic basis of material culture in Romantic Magazines and Metropolitan Literary Culture. Another book-length study that explores the sensational character of Romantic print media but in relation to the growth of its commercial character is Ann R. Authors became both subjects and objects of a celebrity culture, which was equally evident in theatre, music, painting, fashion and the sporting world.
Recent scholarship has convincingly argued that numerous factors coalesced in the early nineteenth century to form the recognizable dynamics of modern celebrity, prominent amongst them being the spread of print and visual media, urbanization and the creation of large, popular audiences, and the spread of commodity culture. Women Writers is another addition to studies of literary celebrity: its value derives from its ability to bring together the discourses of gender with the current critical interest in material culture.
In particular, it is the changing conventions, formats, and genres of popular publishing that provide the connecting thread for these diverse essays. Hawkins , are of particular relevance to this section because of their focus on Romanticism.